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Diseases and Disorders of the Skeletal System

Arthritis is one of the most common and annoying disorders of the skeletal system. Arthritis is joint disorder, it is caused when two bones are rubbed against each other constantly and it causes the cartilage around the to wear away until it’s just bone and bone rubbing against each other nothing in between. Some signs that you have Arthritis are inflammation on the joint, pain, stiffness, and swelling. One big cause of Arthritis is when people crack their knuckles.

Osteoporosis is a big problem, even more in older people, and more in women. Osteoporosis is a disease were the bones in the body become weak and easy to break. A big problem in Osteoporosis is that if you leave it untreated it can become painful and with one small fall you can break any bone in your body. The two parts that you should watch are your hip and spine. By breaking these two bones it could be every painful and surgery could be involved.

Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. It can be caused by breaking a bone and the bone goes through the skin and it can be infected by the bacteria. It can be detected by pain, fever, chills, nausea and weakness. Osteomyelitis can be very difficult to treat. If the infection is really bad surgery will have to happen. The doctors might have to amputate a part of the infected area, or just the infected tissue.

Scoliosis is a disorder of the skeletal system. Scoliosis is when a person has a weird curve in their back. The spine has a normal curve from a side but scoliosis is much worse. Scoliosis is more common in girls than it is in boys. The cause to Scoliosis isn’t known.

Fracture is a medical term for broken bone, which is a part of the skeletal system. Factures are very common most people get one or two. “Though the most common cause of a fracture is high impact, fractures can be considered as disorders of the skeletal system when they are caused due to pathological reasons, like certain types of cancer or osteoporosis when the bones become weak.” ( There are many types of fractures but the two most common are simple fractures and compound fractures. A compound fracture is when the bone is broken so badly that it goes through the skin. This can cause Osteomylitis as it is said above.

· Joint disorder
· Caused when two bones are rubbed against each other until cartilage wears away.
· Inflammation of joint, pain stiffness and swelling are some signs of arthritis.
· Example when people crack their knuckles
· Found more in older people
· Found more in women than in men
· Causes bones to become weak and become easier to break
· Watch out for hip and spine cause if you break them it can be very painful
· Infection of the bone
· Caused bone a bone fracture goes through the skin and bacteria gets on it.
· if it gets bad major surgery could occur and amputation can be an option.
· is an abnormal curve of the back
· more common in girls than in boys
· cause is unknown
· medical term for broken bone
· most people get two in a lifetime
· many types of fractures example compound fracture, and simple fractures
· can cause Osteomylitis

Hyperlinks Arthritis Osteoporosis Scoliosis Ostemyelitis

Videos Arthritis Osteoporosis Osteomyelitis
Prevention & Treatment
Arthritis- a treatment for arthritis is taking medicine like Advil, Motrin, and Ibuprofen. These drugs people to take the pain away from the area affected by Arthritis. Another is replacement of the bone affected by arthritis. Like you knee or hip.
Osteoporosis- Prevention to Osteoporosis, try to build strong bone, it would be best if it was before the age of 30.

NOF's Five Steps to Bone Health and Osteoporosis Prevention:
  • Get your daily recommended amounts of calcium and vitamin D
  • Engage in regular weight-bearing exercise
  • Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol
  • Talk to your healthcare provider about bone health
W appropriate, have a bone density test and take medication
Osteoporosis is very easy to prevent just follow those steps above and you will be fine.
Treatment for Osteoporosis you can take drugs like Bisphonates, Raloxifene, Calcitonin, and Terparatide. You can also do Hormone therapy, and physical therapy.
Osteomyelitis- Prevention just don’t break a bone and have it go through your skin.
Treatment for Osteomyelitis- surgery is an option. Drain the infected area, remove diseased bone and tissue, restore blood flow to the bone, and remove and foreign objects. For people who don’t like surgery you can always take antibiotics.
Scoliosis- it can’t be prevented. Treatment is to prevent the weird curve of the spine to get worse. For most cases of scoliosis it doesn’t need treatment. That’s if the curve is less than 25%. If the curve is more than 25% but less than 30% you might just need a back brace. If the curve is more than 45% a doctor will need to see and review the options. Surgery my be one.
Fractures- prevention of fractures stretch before working out, be careful in what you are doing, know your limits, try not to but your body at risk.
Treatment for fractures surgery if the fracture is bad enough. Also putting a cast around the area that is affected by the fracture so it can heal the right way. If its your neck or back paramedics might choose to put you in a stretcher to keep still until they take you to the hospital to see your options.

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Skeletal System PowerPoint

Skeletal System Jeopary Game